“Modaliser la verité” (Modalities of truth)
In La guerre du faux (The War of the fake), Umberto Eco defines truth as an “effect” dissociated from the immediate relationship with the reality of facts.
Alongside of a criteriology of conformity, the author thus designates truth as a pattern of “constructs”. Quite logically, Umberto Eco is calling for a “semiotic guerrilla war” enabling the scientist to re-establish a critical dimension. Today, more than ever, Eco deserves to be heard. Faced with In the face of the prevailing ideology of make-believe, at a time when falsifiability is being undermined, we need
In a world of hypercommunication, where the very faces and words can no longer be guaranteed multiple modalities of truth have to be taken into account: the veridiction, , the intention to tell the truth, the existential circumstances of the enunciation of the truth, the plausible (the list is not exhaustive). More and more we must consider a discourse on the ‘status’ of truth, as determined by the enunciators and their world of reference.